Past events

poster for the virtual seminar of Martin Plenio, 27 October at 5pm CEST testing quantum aspects of gravity at low energies

Martin Plenio
  Ulm University

Testing of Quantum Aspects of Gravity at Low Energies: Discussion of Experiment Aspects and Possible Loopholes

Testing the quantum character of weak forces such as gravity requires both exquisite experimental control of technology and careful design by theory of the experiment set-up. At the same time, the interpretation of experiments that probe the interface between quantum physics and gravity also mandates that we examine carefully all the assumptions, however innocuous, that …

Martin Plenio
  Ulm University

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Poster for Ivan Agullo's Virtual Seminar Talk title "Entanglement in Quantum Field Theory", 4pm CEST

Ivan Agullo
Louisiana State University

Entanglement in quantum field theory

It is well known that, even the simplest states within the simplest field theories, are highly entangled. The main support for this fact comes from calculations of entanglement entropy between a region of space and its complement. I find two uncomfortable facts in the calculation of such entropy: (i) The result is actually infinite, and …

Ivan Agullo
Louisiana State University

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Pablo Arrighi
University of Paris-Saclay

Quantum networks theory

Abstract:
The formalism of quantum theory over discrete systems is extended in two significant ways. First, tensors and traceouts are generalized, so that systems can be partitioned according to almost arbitrary logical predicates. Second, quantum evolutions are generalized to act over network configurations, in such a way that nodes be allowed to merge, split and reconnect coherently in a superposition. The hereby presented mathematical framework is anchored on solid grounds through numerous lemmas. Indeed, one might have feared that the familiar interrelations between the notions of unitarity, complete positivity, trace-preservation, non-signalling causality, locality and localizability that are standard in quantum theory be jeopardized as the partitioning of systems becomes both logical and dynamical. Such interrelations in fact carry through.
(Joint work with Amélia Durbec and Matt Wilson, reference: https://arxiv.org/abs/2110.10587

David Wallace
Pittsburg University

Quantum gravity at low energies

I provide a conceptually-focused presentation of `low-energy quantum gravity’ (LEQG), the effective quantum field theory obtained from general relativity and which provides a well-defined theory of quantum gravity at energies well below the Planck scale. I emphasize the extent to which some such theory is required by the abundant observational evidence in astrophysics and cosmology …

David Wallace
Pittsburg University

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Poster for Don Marolf's virtual seminar: Spacetime wormholes, superselection sectors, and ensembles in quantum gravity: An Overview

Don Marolf
University of California Santa Barbara

Spacetime wormholes, superselection sectors, and ensembles in quantum gravity: An Overview

Don Marolf will review and summarize recent developments regarding spacetime wormholes in the gravitational path integral and their implications for the existence of a certain notion of “superselection sectors” in quantum gravity.  The existence of such sectors implies that, in certain contexts, we can think of quantum gravity as describing a statistical ensemble of theories.  …

Don Marolf
University of California Santa Barbara

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Richard Howl
Oxford University

Testing quantum gravity with non-Gaussianity and a Bose-Einstein condensate

Due to rapid progress in experimental quantum information science, a table-top test of quantum gravity may soon be possible. A promising possibility is to place two micro-solids in a spatial superposition and separable state. If, after a short time, entanglement between the micro-solids is observed then this could provide evidence of a quantum theory of gravity, assuming all other interactions can be neglected and that gravity provides a local interaction. These proposals have raised a number of questions, such as whether entanglement generation would really provide a test of quantum gravity and whether the experiments are feasible in the near term. Here, we consider whether an alternative signature of quantum gravity to entanglement could be used for a table-top test, and an alternative experimental setting. Specifically, we consider non-Gaussianity rather than entanglement and how this could be searched for in a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) to evidence quantum gravity. We discuss whether using non-Gaussianity and a BEC could provide any advantages to entanglement and micro-solids.

Laurent Freidel
Perimeter Institute

The nature of quantum entanglement in gravity: a tale about Noether and subsystems

In this talk, I will present a new perspective about decomposing gravitational systems into subsystems. I will explain what is the nature of entanglement of gravitational subsystems and the importance of local symmetries. I will emphasize the central role of the corner symmetry group in capturing all the necessary data needed to glue back seamlessly quantum spacetime regions. I will explain some of the key results we have achieved in the construction of the representations of these groups. If time permits, I will present new results about the canonical description of open gravitational systems and what it teaches us about the nature of quantum gravitational radiation.

Emily Adlam
Western University, Rotman Institute of Philosophy

Contextuality, Fine-tuning and Teleological Explanation

In this talk I will assess various proposals for the source of the intuition that there is something problematic about contextuality, and argue that contextuality is best thought of in terms of fine-tuning. I will suggest that as with other fine-tuning problems in quantum mechanics, this behaviour can be understood as a manifestation of teleological features of physics. I will also introduce several formal mathematical frameworks that have been used to analyse contextuality and discuss how their results should be interpreted.

Fay Dowker
Imperial College London

Recovering General Relativity from a Planck scale discrete theory of quantum gravity

Abstract: An argument is presented that if a theory of quantum gravity is physically discrete at the Planck scale and the theory recovers General Relativity as an approximation, then, at the current stage of our knowledge, causal sets must arise within the theory, even if they are not its basis.
We show in particular that an apparent alternative to causal sets, viz. a certain sort of discrete Lorentzian simplicial complex, cannot recover General Relativistic spacetimes in the appropriately unique way. For it cannot discriminate between Minkowski spacetime and a spacetime with a certain sort of gravitational wave burst.